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Lothar J.R. Maier (promotion initiative IMC - India meets Classic)IMC - India meets Classic presents... "Women in Indian Classical Music – Wind and Stringed instruments" (part 3/4, long version) (August 19, 2012)

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( Teil 1 | Teil 2 | Teil 3 | Teil 4 )

Raga CDs des Monats (08/2012): “Frauen in der indischen Klassik – Blas- und Saiteninstrumente“

In Teil 1 unserer Serie „Frauen in der indisch-klassischen Musik“ haben wir die Gesangskoeniginnen Indiens kennengelernt, wie die Saengerin Rasolan Bai aus Varanasi (geb. 1902). Ihr Leben rueckte mit dem Dokumentarfilm „Rasoolan Bai – The other song“ im Jahre 2009 wieder ins Bewusstsein der oeffentlichkeit, und damit auch das der Tawaifs, der Kurtisanen. Sie uebten die Kuenste an den Hoefen der Maharajas bis in die 60er Jahre aus. Schon im 16. Jahrhundert wurden am Hofe der Moghuls, Herrscher aus Persien, die im 14. bis 16. Jahrhundert den Norden Indiens besetzten, Maedchen in den darstellenden Kuensten ausgebildet, wie im Kathak, dem nordindischen Tanz, in der indischen Klassik oder Literatur und in Poesieformen, wie den Ghazals und Thumri-s.

Im Sueden Indiens dagegen war die Ausuebung der Kuenste den Mitgliedern der Brahmanen, eine Priesterkaste vorbehalten. Die Frauen hatten es schwer, mit Kuensten in der oeffentlichkeit aufzutreten. Eine der ersten selbststaendigen Kuenstlerinnen in Suedindien war Bangalore Nagaratnammal (1878-1952). Fuer ihre Veroeffentlichung von erotischer Literatur der Kurtisane Muddu Palani stand Nagaratnammal 1911 vor dem indischen Gerichtshof.

In unsere juengste Zeit haben großartige Saengerinnen wie Dr. Gangubai Hangal (1912-2009) die geschlechterspezifischen Barrieren durchbrochen und Frauen den Zugang fuer eine Erwerbstaetigkeit in der indischen Musik geebnet.

Doch noch immer ist das Frauenbild verklaert. So wurden herausragende Saengerinnen wie DK Pattammal, MS Subbalakshmi und ML Vasanthakumari als Avatare, als das Dreigestirn der Goettinnen Durga, Lakshmi und Saraswati gesehen. Diese aera des Goettlichen verhalf zumindest, die maennliche Dominanz in der suedindischen Klassik zu durchbrechen.

Sendetermine…

Premiere (2-Stunden): 19. Aug. 2012 – 15:00-17:00 Uhr @ radio multicult.fm
(Wiederholung: 17. September 2012 – 23:00-23:58 Uhr MESTZ (05:00 pm EST) @ TIDE Radio (DE))
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Den ersten Teil von „Frauen in der indischen Klassik“ koennen Sie in unserem Medienarchiv nachhoeren und nachlesen (Moderationsskript im 1:1 reprint).

Im zweiten Teil stellen wir Ihnen Musikerinnen auf Blas- und Saiteninstrumenten vor. Dazu gehoeren die Shehnai, das Saxophon, die indische Floete (Bansuri) und indischen Lauten (s.g. Veena-s) wie die Sarod, Surbahar (Bass-Sitar) und Vichitra Veena.

----------------------------

( part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 )

Raga CDs of the Month (08/2012): “Women in Indian Classical Music – Wind and Stringed instruments”

In part 1 of our series “Women in Indian classical music” we have met the singing queens of India, like the vocalist from Varanasi Rasolan Bai (b. 1902). Her life moved again into the public consciousness with the documentary “Rasoolan Bai – The other Song” (2009) and thus of the Tawaifs, the courtesans. They practiced the arts in the courts of the maharajas till the 60s of 20th century. At the Moghul courts, rulers of Persia who occupied the north of India in the 14th to 16 century girls had been trained in the performing arts, as in Kathak, the North Indian dance, in Indian classical music and literature and poetry forms, such as Ghazals and Thumri-s.

In southern India, however, the pursuit of the arts was reserved for members of the Brahmins, a priestly caste. The women had a hard time to perform with the arts in public. One of the first independent artists in South India was Nagaratnammal Bangalore (1878-1952). For her publishing of erotic literature written by the courtesan Muddu Palani she was front Indian Court in 1911.

In our recent time great singers like Dr. Gangubai Hangal (1912-2009) have broken the gender barrier and paved access for women to the workforce in Indian music.

But still the image of women is glorified. Thus, prominent singers like DK Pattammal, MS Subbalakshmi and ML Vasanthakumari are seen as avatars, as triumvirate of goddesses Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. This ‘Era of the Divine’ helped at least to break the male dominance in the South Indian classical music.

dates of broadcasting…

premiere (2 hours long version): 19th Aug 2012 – 09:00-11:00 am EST @ radio multicult.fm
(repetition: 17th September 2012 – 05:00-05:58 pm EST (11:00-11:58 pm CET) @ TIDE Radio (DE))
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Part 1 of “Women in Indian classical music” can be re-listened in our media archive in fully length simultaneously with re-reading of the moderation script (1:1 reprint).

In the second part of our series “Women in Indian Classical Music” the promotion initiative IMC – India meets Classic presents female musicians of wind & string instruments. E.g. the Shehnai, Saxophone, Indian flute (Bansuri) and Indian lutes (called Veena-s) and Sarod, Surbahar (bass sitar) and Vichitra Veena.

+++


This audio is part of the collection: IMC - India Meets Classic
It also belongs to collection: Radio Programs

Artist/Composer: Lothar J.R. Maier (promotion initiative IMC - India meets Classic)
Date: 2012-08-19 15:00:00
Source: IMC OnAir - www.imcradio.net
Keywords: promotion initiative IMC - India meets Classic; IMC - India meets Classic; India meets Classic; IMCRadio.Net; Ragas; Raga: India; South Asia; Hindustani; Carnatic; Indian Classics; Women; Woman; Wind; Wind Instrument; String; Stringed Instrument; Instrument; Shehnai; Saxophon; Flute; Bansuri; Lute; Veena; Sarod; Surbahar; Bass Sitar; Vichitra Veena

Creative Commons license: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Germany


Notes

All IMC broadcasting shows present original recordings, produced in India and published / distributed from Indian Music Labels. The frame work of Indian Classical Music is set by Raga forms. Raags describe the emotional expression and define the material of notes.

... complete programme with all details (inclusive podcasting) see www.imcradio.net (German/English language site).

India meets Classic presents "Women in Indian Classical Music – Wind and Stringed instruments" (part 3 of 4)

( part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 )

Website (DE/ENG): IMC OnAir - IMCRadio.Net
Blog Site (ENG): http://www.imcradio.net/blog
Moderaton scripts (1:1 re-print): http://www.imcradio.net/scripts
Facebook: http://www.imcradio.net/facebook
MySpace: http://in.myspace.com/imcradiodotnet
IMC OnAir's Video dataBase: http://www.imcradio.net/videos
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